This post was written by the former Estonian Credit Union, now Northern Birch Credit Union.
What was the very first financial choice you ever made? Think about it.
It likely took place before your first job, even as far back as when your annual income consisted of Tooth Fairy money and lucky pennies.
The very first financial decision you ever made is also one of the most important choices, it’s where to keep your money.
When you first made that decision, piggy banks, sock drawers, and “buried-in-the-sandbox-like-pirate-treasure” all seemed like perfectly acceptable options. As it turns out, they aren’t nearly as super-secret as you might have hoped. Opening a bank account is the best solution, but in order to do that you first need to choose a financial institution—and so the choice becomes “bank or credit union?”
Banks and credit unions offer essentially the same products and services, but there are huge differences in the way they operate. We’re here to help fill in the gaps and show you how the differences can affect your dollars. Whether you’re just starting out or rethinking your current financial setup, here is what you need to know.
The main difference between banks and credit unions is in their structure. Banks are purely for profit, while credit unions are member-owned. This means that banks have numerous expenses that credit unions simply don’t have. Banks have to pay their shareholders and their private investors in addition to regular operating costs. Banks are set up in a way that allows a select group of people to make money off of your banking activity.
Credit unions, on the other hand, are set up in a way that allows all of its members to benefit from its profits. Once its operating costs are covered and reserves are set aside, the profits are distributed back to members in the form of free banking products, lower interest rates on loans and higher interest rates on savings accounts.
Credit unions sound pretty great, right? You might be wondering why some people choose banks over credit unions, even though credit unions consistently outperform banks when it comes to deposit and loan rates and customer service.
The simple answer is that banks are bigger, and some people believe bigger is better. A better approach is to find out what your banking priorities are. Here are some factors to consider:
1) Am I eligible for an account? Banks are open to anyone. Credit unions have membership requirements, but don’t let that intimidate you! Requirements can be as simple as living in a certain community or working in a certain field. Most Canadian credit unions have very open membership requirements.
2) How much does it cost to get set up? Are there any fees associated with opening an account? Is there a minimum balance required? Joining a credit union involves purchasing a share (they’re usually $20), but this is different from a fee, it means that you’re a member-owner of the credit union and if you ever close your account, your shares will be returned to you.
3) Will I have good access to ATMs? Canadian credit unions have the 2nd largest ATM network in the country! That’s bigger than both ScotiaBank and Bank of Montreal. With your CU debit card you have access to over 3,300 free ATMs nationwide!
4) What can I do online? More and more financial institutions are offering online banking services. Find out what you can do from your computer and smartphone. Can you check your balance? Schedule payments? Transfer money between accounts? Taking advantage of online products can be super convenient, and save you from taking a trip to the ATM or to the nearest branch.
5) What can my financial institution do for me? Ask about products that are tailored to your situation. How do the interest rates compare to other financial institutions? Are there free products you’re eligible for? Don’t settle for a financial institution just because you need an account. You should want to have an account there, too.
At the end of the day, choosing a financial institution is a personal decision with a huge influence on how you manage your money and your time. If you take some time to ask questions and compare services, you’ll find the best home for your finances.